Your foot type and degree of pronation determine the characteristics that you will need in a running shoe. One of the most important characteristics to look for is shape. You can see the shape most clearly by looking at the bottom of the shoe.
A couple of decades ago, the world was a simpler place, and so were running shoes. Today, simple, canvas sneakers are as dead as Elvis, which is not necesarily a bad thing. In just about every way, today’s shoes are whole lot better-more durable, more protective, and more comfortable-than ever before.
Get the shoe corresponding to your foot
If you have flat feet and overpronate, you need a shoe that will prevent your foot from rolling in too far, that is, a motion-control shoes have a straight shape that gives maximum support to your foot. Also look for a firm rather than a soft midsole, a dual-density midsole with the denser material along the inner edge of the shoe to prevent excessive pronation, and a firm heel counter to minimize rear-foot motion.
If you have high-arched feet and supinate, your feet do not absorb shock very well, so you need a cushioned shoe. Also, you want a shoe that allows your feet to roll inward, since this helps absorb shock. “Cushioned shoes tend to be less supportive and work with foot rather than try to control it,” says Dan Norton, a shoe designer who has worked at several of the major running-shoe companies. You want a shoe with a soft, cushioned midsole and a curved or semicurved shape that permits foot motion as you run.
If you have normal arches and pronate normally, you are lucky. Yo do not need to search out a shoe with special features. You might want to begin by considering shoes that lie somewhere between the motion-control and cushioned types. Manufacturers often refer to such shoes as stability shoes. These shoes, which often have a slightlu curved shape, do not control foot motion as much as motion-control shoes.
Take care of your shoes
Keep your shoes as dry as possible. Whether they are damp with sweat or wringing wet after a workout in a downpour, they will recover fastest and best if air-dried. Do not put your shoes in the clothes dryer, whcih is too hot. A small fan does an excellent job of drying out shoes.